What Is HPV symptoms Human papillomavirus Treatment, symptoms, and causes: If you have HPV, you might never know it. It’s so common that the CDC estimates that almost 80 million people in the United States have it.
Depending on the type of HPV you get, you may or may not have symptoms. Many people don’t.
Some HPV types can cause genital warts. Others are linked to cancer of the cervix and other organs. And some HPV types cause common warts that you can find on other areas of the body like your hands or feet.
If you have genital warts, that’s a sign of HPV. These growths don’t all look the same. They can be raised, flat, pink, or flesh-colored. They might even be shaped like a cauliflower. You could have a single wart or several. They can be small or large. They may grow on the anus, cervix, scrotum, groin, thigh, or penis.
Genital warts can show up weeks, months, or even years after you have sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) with a person who’s infected with an HPV virus. He (or she) might not know he’s infected.
Some types of genital HPV infection are linked to cancer, including cervical cancer and cancer of the vulva, anus, oropharynx (the middle part of the throat, behind the mouth), or penis. If you get infected with one of these virus types, it’s possible that you could have precancerous changes in cells in the tissue without any symptoms.
What is HPV?
HPV stands for “human papillomavirus”. It is the most common sexually transmitted infection that exists. In general, HPV is harmless and goes away spontaneously, but some types can cause genital warts or cancer.
The most common STD.
There are more than 200 types of human papillomavirus (HPV). About 40 types can infect your genital area (your vulva , vagina , cervix , rectum , anus , penis and scrotum ) as well as your mouth and throat. These types of HPV spread during sexual contact. (Other types of HPV cause common warts, such as warts on the hands and soles of the feet, but they do not spread sexually).
Genital HPV infections are very common. In fact, almost all sexually active people get HPV at some point in their lives. Most people with HPV have no symptoms and feel perfectly well, so usually they do not even know they are infected.
Most genital HPV infections are harmless and go away on their own. However, some types of HPV can cause genital warts or certain types of cancer.
- Two types of HPV (types 6 and 11) cause most cases of genital warts . Warts are not at all pleasant, but they are caused by a low-risk type of HPV , since they do not cause cancer or other serious health problems.
- At least a dozen types of HPV can cause cancer, but two in particular (types 16 and 18) are the cause of most cases. These are called high-risk HPV . Cervical cancer is commonly associated with HPV, but HPV can also cause cancer in your vulva , vagina , penis , anus, mouth, and throat.
HPV infection has no cure, but there are many things you can do to prevent HPV from having negative effects on your health. There are vaccines that can prevent you from getting a certain type of HPV forever. Your doctor or nurse can remove genital warts. High-risk cases of HPV can be treated easily before they become cancer, so it is very important to have HPV tests and regular Pap smears . While condoms and oral latex barriers do not offer perfect protection, they can help decrease the chances of getting HPV.
How is HPV spread?
HPV is easily spread through skin-to-skin contact when you have sex with someone who has it. You get it when your vulva , vagina , cervix , penis, or anus come into contact with the genitals or the mouth and throat of another person, usually during sex. HPV can spread even without ejaculation and without penetration of the penis into the vagina, anus or mouth.
HPV is the most common STD, but most of the time it is not a big problem. It usually disappears by itself and most people do not even know that they ever had it. Remember that most people who have sex get HPV at some time in their lives. Do not feel ashamed or afraid.
Papillomavirus: what is it?
Human Papilloma Viruses or HPVs are very common viruses. There are more than 150 types: HPV1, 14, 16, 18, etc. Papillomaviruses can infect the skin and mucous membranes 1 and be responsible for benign or malignant lesions:
Human infection with HPV is most often responsible for benign lesions such as:
- on the cutaneous plane: vulgar and plantar warts
- on the mucous plane: condyloma, also called genital warts
However HPV may be associated with the occurrence of certain cancers:
- cutaneous: the occurrence of skin cancer associated with epidermodysplasia verruciforme, a rare and genetic disease, due to HPV 5 and 8.
- on the mucosal plane: the occurrence of anogenital carcinomas, and in particular cancer of the cervix in the event of contamination with HPV 16 or 18.
Symptoms of Papillomavirus
HPV contamination is mostly symptom free and can be incubated for weeks to years.
When HPVs express themselves, they can give:
On the cutaneous plane
There are many types of warts like:
- Common wart : Common on the elbows, knees, hands or toes, it looks like a hard, rough, flesh-colored or whitish dome.
- The plantar wart : located as the name suggests on the sole of the foot, it looks like a whitish and indurated area. Plantar warts include myrmcia , which is often unique and punctuated by small black dots, and the mosaic wart , consisting of various coalescent whitish lesions.
- The flat warts . They are small elevations of flesh-colored skin or discretely brownish, frequent on the face.
- The verrucous papillomas . These are filiform growths protruding from the skin and frequent on the beard.
On the mucous plane
The condylomas usually form small growths of a few millimeters reminding the texture of the cutaneous warts. Sometimes, the condyloma forms only small pink or brownish elevations more difficult to see.
It can also be condyloma almost invisible to the naked eye. In women, the symptoms can only be genital bleeding or itching.
People at risk for papillomavirus
People with immunodeficiency (cortisone or other immunosuppressive therapy, HIV / AIDS, etc.) are more susceptible to HPV contamination.
On the cutaneous plane, people at risk are children and young adults, especially when they are in sports halls or swimming pools. There is also a type of HPV transmitted by animals, the HPV 7. It is common on the hands of butchers, renders or veterinarians.
At the genital level, the HPV is for sexually active people, especially those who have multiple partners and who do not use a condom.
Small skin wounds are the gateway for viruses in the skin (scratches or cuts) and therefore represent a risk factor for contamination.
Infection with another STI ( genital herpes , HIV / AIDS , etc.) is a risk factor for HPV infection. Indeed, there may be genital lesions constituting entry doors into the mucous membranes.