What is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is caused by bacteria, (Lyme disease symptoms) Borrelia burgdorferi that is transmitted to humans through a bite from an infected (Lyme disease causes) black-legged or deer tick. Symptoms can occur anywhere from 3 to 30 days after (Lyme disease caused by) the bite and can be wide-ranging, depending on the stage of the infection. In some cases, symptoms (Lyme disease diet) can appear months after the bite.
The chances you might get Lyme disease from a tick bite depend on the kind of tick (Lyme disease diagnosis), where you were when the bite occurred, and how long the tick was (Lyme disease means) attached to you, the CDC says. Black-legged ticks must be attached to you for 36 to 48 hours to transmit (Lyme disease pictures) Lyme disease. If you remove the tick or ticks within 48 hours, you aren’t likely to get infected, says Cleveland Clinic (Lyme disease precautions) infectious disease specialist Alan Taege, MD.
Lyme disease (or Lyme Borreliosis ) is a bacterial infection, spread worldwide (a few thousand cases a year in France), transmitted to humans by tick bites . If you have been bitten, be sure to remove the animal with our advice .
Lyme disease symptoms
Early signs and symptoms include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes — (Lyme disease rash) all common in the flu. In up to 80 % of Lyme disease infections, a rash is one of the first symptoms, Aucott says.
Without treatment, symptoms can progress. They might include:
- Severe headache or neck stiffness
- Rashes on other areas of the body
- Arthritis with severe swelling, joint pain and, particularly in the knees
- Loss of muscle tone or “drooping” (Lyme disease symptoms) on one or both sides of the face.
- Heart palpitation or an irregular heartbeat
- Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
- Shooting pains, tingling in the hands or feet or numbness.
Lyme disease causes
Lyme disease causes is transmitted to humans by the bite of certain types of ticks that are infected with a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi . Ticks, which feed on blood, are about the size of a sesame seed (3 mm to 5 mm in length) and the color of their body varies between red and brown. As the blood is ingested, ticks can increase their volume up to 8 times their original size. In Canada, there are 2 main species of ticks that transmit Lyme disease:
the deer tick (blacklegged tick), documented in parts of southeastern Quebec, southern and eastern Ontario, and southeastern and southeastern Ontario. Manitoba and parts of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. It has also been found on humans and pets from other areas where it was not thought that the tick was established;
the black-legged tick , which can be found in parts of southern British Columbia.
Ticks can also be transported to other parts of Canada by migratory birds.
Symptoms of Lyme disease may appear as early as three days after the tick bite and as late as 30 days after tick bite, so it may be difficult to determine if the disease was contracted locally. It is important to know the person’s movements.
Lyme disease Treatment
Treatment of Lyme disease
In the first phase of the disease, the aim of the treatment is to ensure the disappearance of the first symptoms of the disease and to prevent the occurrence of late manifestations by eradicating the germ from the organs that can be infected.
Thus, for each phase and according to the severity of the disease, the treatment may vary and may require hospitalization. It consists of administering an antibiotic ( amoxicillin or doxycycline ) possibly associated with a corticosteroid in case of disorders of the atrioventricular conduction.