Measles, or rubeola, is a viral infection that (what is measles) starts in the respiratory system. It still remains a significant cause of death worldwide, despite the measles (Measles Symptoms and causes and treatment) availability of a safe, effective vaccine.
There were about 110,000 global deaths related to (measles symptoms) measles in 2017, most of them in children under the age of 5, (measles explained) according to the World Health Organization (WHO)Trusted Source. Measles cases have also been increasing (measles news) in the United States in recent years.
Measles is a highly contagious viral respiratory infection, so much so that 90% of non-immunized people who come into contact with someone who has the disease are infected. Immunity is acquired by having had the infection or being vaccinated with the triple viral, which in addition to measles, protects against rubella and mumps. Before universal vaccination, it was a disease that occurred mainly in children, although it can also occur in adults who have not passed it or were not vaccinated in childhood.
Mass vaccination, on the other hand, has provided another factor of protection against this disease, which is collective immunity, since a person who has not been vaccinated, being surrounded by immunized people has very little chance of suffering from the disease. Thanks to this, measles was a disease close to being eradicated; but the activity of anti-vaccine groups has allowed measles cases to increase again. Not only do they refuse to vaccinate their children, but in recent times each time a child acquires the disease they organize children’s meetings so that other children become infected and thus acquire immunity.
For this attitude they argue, among other reasons, that the vaccine can produce autism; statement based on the publication in 1998 of a study riddled with errors and later withdrawn when it was proved that its conclusions were false.
The really important thing in this case is that we must not forget that measles is a disease that can have significant complications – bronchitis, pneumonia, otitis media and encephalitis – and even cause death.
Learn more about the symptoms of measles, measles 2019 how it spreads, and how it can be prevented.
Symptoms of measles generally first appear within 10 to 12 days (measles symptoms) of exposure to the virus. They include:
- runny nose
- red eyes
- sore throat
- white spots inside the mouth
A widespread skin rash is a classic sign of (measles 2019) measles. This rash can last up to 7 days and generally appears (Measles Symptoms and causes and treatment) within 14 days of exposure to the virus. It commonly develops on the head and (USA measles) slowly spreads to other parts of the body.
Measles causes (Measles Symptoms and causes and treatment)
Measles is caused by infection with a virus from the (measles virus) paramyxovirus family. Viruses are tiny parasitic microbes. Once you’ve been infected, (measles signs) the virus invades host cells and uses cellular components to (Measles causes) complete its life cycle.
The measles virus infects the (Measles Symptoms and causes and treatment) respiratory tract first. However, it eventually measles spreads to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.
Measles is only known to occur in humans (Measles causes) and not in other animals. There is 24Trusted Source known genetic types of measles, (Measles causes) although only 6 are currently circulating.
Measles Treatments (Measles Symptoms and causes and treatment)
There is no specific antiviral treatment against the measles virus. Should that occur infection , treatment is based on the administration of antipyretics for fever and cough cough.
It is recommended that while the infection lasts, the patient should rest and maintain good hydration.
The antibiotic treatment only required when they appear bacterial complications.