Mental Health

Schizophrenia meaning: Symptoms causes treatments

Schizophrenia meaning: Symptoms causes treatments

Schizophrenia is a serious brain disorder which reduces the ability of a person to think, act, express emotions, adopt reality and keep up relationships with others.

In Schizophrenia, a person can not distinguish between fantasy and reality. People with schizophrenia often have problems in society, work, school and relationships. People with schizophrenia may feel scared. It is a lifelong disease which can not be cured but can be controlled with proper treatment.

Schizophrenia meaning: Symptoms causes treatments
Schizophrenia meaning: Symptoms causes treatments

Schizophrenia can occur in men and women of all ages. In men, it often occurs in early stages of adolescence or early 20’s. Women experience symptoms of schizophrenia at the end of the 20th or early ’30s.

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Types of schizophrenia

The following types of schizophrenia are:

  • Paranoid schizophrenia
  • Paranoid schizophrenia is confused or confused. It is often intense and comes after some topics such as harassment, jealousy, religion etc. They can feel anxiety, anger, isolation or logical behavior. People with illusion can be violent or suicidal, but over time, they are more likely to be stable.
  • Disorganized schizophrenia disorderly schizophrenia, previously called hebephrhenic, has different types of disorganization in speech and behavior. This means that the person can talk away from the subject or can answer differently from what is being asked. This behavior reduces the ability of a person to do daily actions like eating food, bathing, or wearing clothes.
  • Catatonic schizophrenia Catatonic schizophrenia can have high immobility and non- repetition . In this, the patient behaves in stability, dumbness or negativity. A person may sometimes feel nervous. Patient patients with catatonic schizophrenia often repeat things and activities.
  • Residual and Undifferentiated Schizophrenia Residual schizophrenia is called when a person has had symptoms of schizophrenia at least once, but there are no major symptoms anymore. However, there may be some negative symptoms such as speaking less, talking strange things or making new assumptions without reason.

When a person has symptoms of different types of schizophrenia, it is called undifferentiated schizophrenia.

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What are the stages of schizophrenia?

There are four following phases of schizophrenia –

  • Starting phase: In the initial phase of schizophrenia, the victim does not feel any change in his behavior because the change is very minor. Generally, people related to the patient feel different in their behavior. The person may feel depressed , anxiety , nervousness and other general and unusual mood swings. It is very common to feel these emotions during the last days of adolescence and early adulthood. There are more obvious symptoms of schizophrenia – anger, frustrating or social isolation without speaking. This phase of schizophrenia can last for months or years before it develops in acute phase.
  • Rapid phase: This is the stage where schizophrenia is fully developed. In acute phase, the exact symptoms of schizophrenia are exposed to high intensity. For the first time the sufferer has a sudden mood change in this phase, it may feel that he has a problem. This means that the problem has appeared intensely but it is not always sudden. This phase can be diagnosed by going to the hospital and psychiatrist. This phase of highly active and acute symptoms lasts for six weeks but it can last for four weeks or even eight weeks. After this the symptoms go into the stage of subtraction.
  • Step of subtraction:After intense activity of symptoms, symptoms in this stage begin to subside. At this stage, the intensity and presence of symptoms can be very low and some symptoms may be completely eliminated. With treatment, symptoms can be prevented from prolonged production and normal work can be continued. It is not that the symptoms will go away forever, sometimes this symptom may occur again and again. However, if symptoms are frequent, you can help with the help of psychiatrists and identify the amount of the right types of medicines and possibly get complete exemption from the symptoms.
  • Recursive phase:Symptoms in this stage begin to appear again at a rapid level. The use of prescribed medicines and prescribed medicines can be avoided or reduced. You can become familiar with the feelings and symptoms that occur in it and can talk to your doctor right away. The biggest reason for this stage is that when the symptoms of the sufferer begin to diminish, they feel that they do not need medication and they stop the treatment.

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Schizophrenia Symptoms

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?

Occasionally, schizophrenia can cause symptoms that bother. The following are the symptoms:

  • Abnormalities in thinking or speaking: Species of schizophrenia often change in ability to speak often. They start using different words and grammars.
  • Abnormalities in behavior: People with schizophrenia may experience symptoms like controlling impulses, strange emotional responses to conditions, lack of feelings or expression and lack of enthusiasm for life.
  • Losing interest in everyday activities: a person with schizophrenia often loses interest in activities of life. Its symptoms are as follows:
  • social isolation
  • Happiness in being happy
  • Trouble Creating Your Life Plans
  • Problems in fulfilling everyday normal activities.

Schizophrenia Causes

The exact cause of schizophrenia is not known yet. However, it is known that like cancer and sugar ( diabetes ), it is also a biological disease. This is not the result of personal weakness. Researchers have uncovered many factors that play an important role in having schizophrenia. These factors are –

Hereditary: schizophrenia can be family-safe, which means that if any of the parents have this disease then their children may also be.

People with brain abnormality schizophrenia may have an abnormal form of some chemicals in the brain that affect thinking and behavior. Abnormal brain structure and function can also cause it.

Environmental factors: prove that schizophrenia can be developed by taking excessive substances such as viral infection, carbohydrates such as viral infections or excessive stressful conditions.

How can schizophrenia be diagnosed?

If you have symptoms of schizophrenia, doctors will take full medical history and sometimes perform physical exams too. Although there is no test to diagnose schizophrenia, but depending on the symptoms, your doctor may use different tests and blood tests or brain imaging studies to know physical illness or drug-induced psychosis.

If your doctor does not get any other physical cause of the symptoms of schizophrenia, then they recommend that the patient go to a psychiatrist or psychological, mental health professional, who are trained to diagnose and treat specially mental illnesses. Are there. Psychologists use special assessment tests and evaluation tools for the diagnosis of a disorder. Doctors diagnose the symptoms of the individual according to the family’s family and on the basis of behavior and behavior of the person.

Schizophrenia Treatment

The goal of treatment of schizophrenia is to reduce symptoms and reduce the chances of withdrawal of symptoms. The following remedies for schizophrenia can be –

Medicines: The primary drugs used for the treatment of schizophrenia are known as antisyacortics. These medicines do not treat schizophrenia but relax with many symptoms including confusion, hallucination, and thinking problems.

Psychological therapy: where medicines can help in removing schizophrenia symptoms, while various psychological treatments help in relieving behavioral, psychological, social and business problems related to the disease. Through treatment, patients can also manage their symptoms, identify signals of early signs and develop plans to avoid them.

Hospital recruitmentespecially people with severe symptoms or those who are in danger of hurting themselves or others or who can not take care of their own home, should be admitted to the hospital to stabilize their condition. Could.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a process in which the electrodes are applied on the person’s head and a small electric shock is given to the brain in normal unconsciousness. Treatment of ECT involves 2-3 treatments per week for a few weeks. There are controlled visits from the treatment of each electric shock and over time it improves mood and thinking.

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What to avoid during schizophrenia

Sometimes symptoms in schizophrenia go on for some time but when they stop treatment, they can come back, so do not stop your treatment and do not consume the following food items –

  • Carbonated drinks containing sugar syrup
  • Pasta
  • Milk and curd
  • Bread
  • Nuts
  • Processed food
  • wheat and barley
  • Stimulants like alcohol, caffeine and nicotine
  • Fish, seeds and betel nut.

What to eat during Schizophrenia

  • Omega 3 foods containing fatty acids such as soybeans, spinach, strawberries, cucumber etc.
  • Foods containing vitamin B
  • Foods containing Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and Vitamin E.
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