Skin cancer tips: Sunlight improves our mood and provides us with vitamin D. But everyone knows the disadvantage of excessive exposure: skin cancer. Put these strategies in place to keep your skin healthy.
Just consider the difference in skin cancer rates between different parts of the world.
- For example, in sunny Australia, the rate is about 1,035 cases per 100,000 men and 472 per 100,000 women.
- On the other hand, the rate in Finland, a rather gloomy country, is around 6 per 100,000 for men and 4 per 100,000 for women.
What is the cause of this cancer?
The ultraviolet rays of the sun.
- Your risk of basal cell cancer, the most common form, and squamous cells, the second most common form, depends on cumulative sun exposure throughout your life.
- Your risk of developing melanoma, the most lethal form of skin cancer, seems to be more dependent on the intensity of sun exposure.
- Even a single bad sunburn can cause melanoma.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms may include:
- Pearly or waxy buttons.
- A brown flat lesion or the color of the skin on your chest or on your back.
- A red nodule on your face, your lips, ears, hands, arms or on your neck.
- A lesion with a scaly, crusty surface on your face, your ears, hands, arms or on your neck.
- A large brownish spot with darker spots.
- A mole that changes color or size or bleeds.
- Stains or lesions with irregular edges and red, white, blue or blue-black spots.
- Dark lesions on your palms, on your soles, on your fingers and on your toes, or on the mucous membranes of your mouth, nose, vagina or anus.
Protect yourself from the sun
1. Apply sunscreen to your skin.
If you sunbathe for more than 10 or 15 minutes, be sure to put on sunscreen.
- Be generous; most people do not use enough. It takes about a full glass of sunscreen to cover you completely and about 30 milliliters (three tablespoons) to cover your face, neck, and ears.
- Keep a real drink in your bag for the beach or in your glove box so you always have a measurement tool at your fingertips.
- Pay special attention to areas at risk: head or neck (bald men, take note!), Followed by hands, forearms, and legs.
- Use sunscreen for the lips with an SPF of 15 or more.
- Renew the app every two hours.
2. Purchase the most suitable sunscreen.
Use SPF 15 or higher that blocks 93% of all incoming UVB rays.
- Most sun creams offer “broad spectrum” protection, which means they protect against both UVA and UVB rays.
- For extra protection, look for avobenzone or ecamsule, both absorb light UVA rays and titanium dioxide or zinc oxide, which disperse rather than absorb UVA light.
- If you have sensitive skin, find a sunscreen without PABA.
- Always check the expiration date on the product and verify that the “Recognized by the Canadian Dermatology Association” logo is present. It guarantees that the product has been evaluated by the CDA sun protection evaluation program.
3. Stay covered.
Wearing protective clothing and a hat when you are exposed to the sun is also important.
- Today you can even find clothes with integrated sun protection.
- They are not cheap but are a great long-term investment for your health.
Avoid tanning booths
Tanning booths, which use UVA to darken the skin, can increase your risk of melanoma by up to 75%, increase your risk of basal cell cancer by 50%, and more than double your risk of developing squamous cell cancer…
- Limit yourself to using self-tanning products, which safely provide a burst of bronze color to your skin.
Quit smoking to reduce your risk
Eliminate the cigarettes.
- Like almost all other types of cancer, the risk of skin cancer is higher if you smoke; a study has shown that the risk is split by the smoke.
The surprising power of turmeric
This yellow spice, predominant in curry powder, contains chemical curcumin, considered a powerful cancer control agent.
- Laboratory studies suggest that it can help protect against melanoma.
Overall, the best way to reduce your cancer risk is to protect yourself from the sun. Keep in mind the tips in this simple guide and take preventive measures for your safety.