Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Prevention

Maybe you have found out that you have a high chance of developing type 2 diabetes, the most common type of this disease. Maybe you are overweight or a father, brother or sister with type 2 diabetes. Maybe you had gestational diabetes, which is what appears during pregnancy. These are just a few examples of the factors that can raise the likelihood of suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Prevention
Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Prevention

Genes. | Extra weight. | Metabolic syndrome. | Too much glucose from your liver. | Bad communication between cells. | Broken beta cells. | Lose weight. | Get active. | Eat right. | Quit smoking. | A1C: | Fasting plasma glucose: | Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT):

Diabetes can cause serious health problems , such as heart disease, stroke, and eye and foot problems. The prediabetes can also cause health problems. The good news is that it is possible to delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. The longer a person has diabetes, the greater the likelihood of suffering from health problems; therefore, delaying the onset of diabetes even a few years is beneficial for health. You can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetic if you lose a moderate amount of weight by following a meal plan with reduced calorie intake and being physically active most days of the week.Ask your doctor if you should take metformin , a medicine for diabetes that helps prevent or slow type 2 diabetes.

How can I reduce my chance of developing type 2 diabetes?

Research, like the one done by the Diabetes Prevention Program, shows that much can be done to reduce the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Here are some changes you can make to lower your risk:

  • Lose weight and do not increase it again. You can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes if you lose 5 to 7 percent of your initial weight. 2 For example, if you weigh 200 pounds (90 kg), your goal would be to lose approximately 10 to 14 pounds (4.5 to 6 kg).
  • Move more. Do at least 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week. If you have been inactive, ask your doctor which activities are best for you. Start slowly and move forward until you achieve your goal.
  • Eat healthy most of the time. Eat smaller portions to reduce the amount of calories you consume each day and thus help you lose weight. Choosing foods with less fat is another way to reduce calories. Drink water instead of sugary drinks.

Ask your healthcare provider what other changes you can make to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.

Most of the time, your best option to prevent type 2 diabetes is to make changes in your lifestyle that work for the long term. Start with an action plan to prevent type 2 diabetes.

What should I do if my doctor told me that I have prediabetes?

Prediabetes is diagnosed when blood glucose levels, or blood sugar, are higher than normal, but not enough to make a diagnosis of diabetes. Pre-diabetes is serious because it increases the likelihood of type 2 diabetes. Several of the factors that increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes put the person at risk for prediabetes.

Other names for prediabetes are impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. Some people call prediabetes “borderline diabetes.”

According to recent data and statistics about diabetes of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 1 in 3 people in the United States has prediabetes. You can not tell if you have prediabetes unless you have a test.

If you have prediabetes you can decrease your chance of developing type 2 diabetes by losing weight if necessary, by doing more physical activity and by following a low-calorie diabetes diet plan.

Start your Action Plan to prevent type 2 diabetes. If you want more support, you can find a lifestyle change program in your area through the National Diabetes Prevention Program.

If I had gestational diabetes when I was pregnant, how can I reduce my chance of developing type 2 diabetes?

The Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually goes after the baby is born. Although gestational diabetes disappears, you still have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes in the next 5 to 10 years. Your baby is also more likely to become obese and suffer from type 2 diabetes later in life. Making healthy choices helps the whole family and can prevent your child from becoming obese or diabetic.

Here are the steps you should take, both for you and your child, if you had gestational diabetes:

  • Get tested for diabetes 6 to 12 weeks after your baby is born. If your blood glucose level is still high, you may have type 2 diabetes; If it is normal, you should have the test every 3 years to see if you have developed type 2 diabetes.
  • Stay more active and eat healthily to return to a healthy weight.
  • Breastfeed your baby. Breastfeeding gives your baby the right balance of nutrients and helps you burn calories.
  • Ask your doctor if you should take metformin, a medicine that helps prevent type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms and causes of diabetes

Symptoms of diabetes include:

diabetes symptoms

  • increased thirst and the urge to urinate
  • Appetite increase
  • fatigue
  • blurry vision
  • numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • ulcers that do not heal
  • Weight loss for no apparent reason

The symptoms of diabetes type 1 diabetes can appear quickly, in a matter of weeks. In contrast, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually progress very slowly, over several years, and can be so mild that sometimes they are not even noticed. Many people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms. Some only know they have the disease when there are health problems related to diabetes, such as blurred vision or heart problems.

What causes type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system, which fights infections, attacks and destroys the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. Scientists think that type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that can trigger the disease. Some studies such as TrialNet are focused on identifying the causes of type 1 diabetes and the possible ways to prevent or delay the progress or onset of the disease.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease, is caused by several factors, including lifestyle and genes.

Overweight, obesity and physical inactivity
A person is more likely to develop diabetes type 2 if they are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Sometimes, the excess weight causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. The location of body fat also matters. Excess belly fat is linked to insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and diseases of the heart and blood vessels. To see if your weight represents a risk for the onset of type 2 diabetes, see these graphs of body mass index (BMI).

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